Sharing with the Family Child Care Providers
Typical Skills Children Learn in Family Day Care
Specific Skills Learned
Finding Toys or learning materials to work with by self or with others.
Cognitive: Makes decisions about interests and abilities. Self help: Finds toys by
himself or sets up environment for play. Social/Language: Learns to share, barter,
manage conflict, and ask for help. Emotional: Learns about acceptance and
rejection. Expresses needs.
Physical: Learns to balance blocks and line them up (small motor coordination).
Cognitive: May count blocks, sees pattern and design. Learns to build and plan
structure. Matches blocks that look alike. Social: Learns to share and cooperate.
Social: Plays adult roles. Develops self-image and coordinates with others.
Language: Learns to express self in another role. Cognitive: Decides appropriate
dress and appearance for role; uses visual perceptions to assist self, others, and
play environment. Learns and remembers behaviors to imitate. Develops abstract
thinking abilities. Self-help: Dresses self. Sets up play environment and finds props.
Setting the table
Cognitive: Counts silverware, glasses and napkins, or places one object by each
setting. Follows pattern of place settings. Social: Cooperates with other children.
May teach younger children to help. Physical: Picks up and places objects (small
Sitting down to eat
Physical: Pours milk, passes the dish (small motor coordination). Cognitive:
Measures to pour. Understands directions. Social/Language: Learns appropriate
table conversation and manners.
Story time or listening to music
Cognitive: Listens and retains information. Follows story line (sequencing) with
eyes and/or ears. Recognizes words, pictures, instruments, and rhythms.
Fingerplays or songs
Cognitive/Language: Learns words, gestures, and melody (sequencing, repetition,
speech and listening skills). Follows directions. Physical: Coordination (small and
large motor) for gestures and fingerplays.
Cognitive/Language: Listens to music and rhythms. Learns to understand simple
movement directions and their relationship to the music. Physical: Coordinates
movements (large motor).
Cognitive: May count the rungs to the top of a climbing structure; plans his climb.
Maps out direction and distance to ride: watches for others in path. Physical: Large
motor coordination, balance. Social: Takes turns, interacts.
Cognitive: Measures sand and maps out roads (spacial relationships). Physical:
Pours, dumps, pushes, gathers, scoops, packs (small and large motor). Social:
Shares, interacts, cooperates.
Putting away toys
Cognitive: Sorts toys, follows directions. Physical: Places object on the shelf,
replaces lids, opens and shuts doors. Social: Takes turns, learns to handle toys